- November 18, 2015
- All Issuing Offices
- UNDERWRITING - Bank of America, N.A.v. Caulkett /Bankruptcy
On June 1, 2015, the United States Supreme Court issued an Opinion in the matter ofBank of America, N.A. v. Caulkett that a Bankruptcy Court in a Chapter 7 liquidation may not void a junior mortgage lien under 506 (d) of the Bankruptcy Code based upon the theory that the junior mortgage is not secured because of the inability of the collateral to support the lien. The Court held that: “a secured claim is a claim supported by a security interest in property, regardless of whether the value of that property would be sufficient to cover the claim”, and as such remains a “secured interest” in the property.
Thus, in the event you are requested to insure a sale or refinance of property in a Chapter 7 Bankruptcy and are presented with a Bankruptcy Court Order attempting to “strip” a junior mortgage from the property, the Company will nevertheless require a release of the junior mortgage as a part of the sale or refinance.
This decision does not address the ability of the Court to “strip” a junior mortgage under a Chapter 13 or Chapter 11 Reorganization, but if you are asked to insure a sale or refinance of bankruptcy property, you must seek Stewart underwriting approval.
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THIS BULLETIN IS FURNISHED TO INFORM YOU OF CURRENT DEVELOPMENTS. AS A REMINDER, YOU ARE CHARGED WITH KNOWLEDGE OF THE CONTENT ON VIRTUAL UNDERWRITER AS IT EXISTS FROM TIME TO TIME AS IT APPLIES TO YOU, AS WELL AS ANY OTHER INSTRUCTIONS. OUR UNDERWRITING AGREEMENTS DO NOT AUTHORIZE OUR ISSUING AGENTS TO ENGAGE IN SETTLEMENTS OR CLOSINGS ON BEHALF OF STEWART TITLE GUARANTY COMPANY. THIS BULLETIN IS NOT INTENDED TO DIRECT YOUR ESCROW OR SETTLEMENT PRACTICES OR TO CHANGE PROVISIONS OF APPLICABLE UNDERWRITING AGREEMENTS. CONFIDENTIAL, PROPRIETARY, OR NONPUBLIC PERSONAL INFORMATION SHOULD NEVER BE SHARED OR DISSEMINATED EXCEPT AS ALLOWED BY LAW. IF APPLICABLE STATE LAW OR REGULATION IMPOSES ADDITIONAL REQUIREMENTS, YOU SHOULD CONTINUE TO COMPLY WITH THOSE REQUIREMENTS.