- August 02, 1993
- All Issuing Offices
- Counterfeit Checks
It has come to the attention of the National Legal Department in Houston that a series of fraudulent checks in excess of several hundreds of thousands of dollars have been submitted to various agents' escrow accounts for payment. These forgeries are being perpetrated across the country and have affected several national underwriters. The sequences of events are as follows:
- Exact replicas of checks have been produced from what appears to be a laser
printer. The only noted differences in the checks were that the "type"
on the check numbers on the top, right corner were not the same size and the
borders around the check were not exactly identical. However, the color of
the check and the check numbers appeared to be almost identical with the title
agents' escrow account stock in most cases.
- The signers on the account are the names of actual individuals within the
title agent's office and appear to be valid.
- The checks either do not reflect a GF number or else reflect a non-existent
- The checks have been drawn on a variety of banks throughout the United States and have a variety of payees. Therefore, it cannot be determined whether or not there is a nationwide fraudulent scheme or a series of different schemes throughout the country.
Our information is that the various title agents' who have been victimized by these schemes have not lost any monies because the fraudulent checks were covered by the banks who held their escrow accounts. However, the reason the banks have covered the losses is because those agents caught the fraudulent checks within the time limits set out in the account agreement with their banks. Most account agreements have limitations with thirty (30) days being the most common in the industry. Therefore, it is imperative that all title agents reconcile their escrow accounts immediately after receiving their statements.
Since this fraudulent scheme has already hit several areas of the country, you may want to visit with your banker about ways to protect your account. Recent innovations in the types of paper used and the printing of checks may be helpful in preventing these types of schemes in the future.
If you should have any questions, please contact the National Legal Department in Houston.
THIS BULLETIN IS FURNISHED TO INFORM YOU OF CURRENT DEVELOPMENTS. AS A REMINDER, YOU ARE CHARGED WITH KNOWLEDGE OF THE CONTENT ON VIRTUAL UNDERWRITER AS IT EXISTS FROM TIME TO TIME AS IT APPLIES TO YOU, AS WELL AS ANY OTHER INSTRUCTIONS. OUR UNDERWRITING AGREEMENTS DO NOT AUTHORIZE OUR ISSUING AGENTS TO ENGAGE IN SETTLEMENTS OR CLOSINGS ON BEHALF OF STEWART TITLE GUARANTY COMPANY. THIS BULLETIN IS NOT INTENDED TO DIRECT YOUR ESCROW OR SETTLEMENT PRACTICES OR TO CHANGE PROVISIONS OF APPLICABLE UNDERWRITING AGREEMENTS. CONFIDENTIAL, PROPRIETARY, OR NONPUBLIC PERSONAL INFORMATION SHOULD NEVER BE SHARED OR DISSEMINATED EXCEPT AS ALLOWED BY LAW. IF APPLICABLE STATE LAW OR REGULATION IMPOSES ADDITIONAL REQUIREMENTS, YOU SHOULD CONTINUE TO COMPLY WITH THOSE REQUIREMENTS.
- Bulletins Replaced:
- Related Bulletins:
- Underwriting Manual:
- 5.16 Escrow Closings
- Exceptions Manual: