Operative Words Of Conveyance

In order to be valid, a deed must contain appropriate words of conveyance that manifest the intention of the grantor to divest itself of the title and or an interest therein to convey it unto the grantee. These words of conveyance, also termed words of grant or operative words, constitute the granting clause of the deed. Depending on the jurisdiction, the interest being conveyed and the warranties given by the grantor, these words are:

  • "grant and convey"
  • "grant, bargain, and sell"
  • "warrant and convey"
  • "sell and convey"
  • "grant, bargain, and sell, convey, and confirm"

A deed containing no words of grant conveys no title.

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